Linking rift propagation barriers to excess magmatism at volcanic rifted margins

Koopmann etal 2014 Model EvolutionCitation
Koopman, H., Brune, S., Franke, D. and Breuer. 2014. Linking rift propagation barriers to excess magmatism at volcanic rifted margins. Geology (Pre-Issue Publication 15. Oct), doi: 10.1130/G36085.

Summary
Break-up–related extrusive magmatism, imaged in reflection seismic data as seaward-dipping reflectors (SDRs), extends sym- metrically along the volcanic margins of the Atlantic Ocean. Recent research found distinct along-margin variations in the distribution of SDRs, and abundance of volcanic material was found to be spatially linked to transfer fault systems. These segmented the propagating rift that later developed into the ocean, and are interpreted as rift propa- gation barriers. Based on these observations, we develop a numeri- cal model, which shows that rift-parallel mantle flow and locally enhanced rates of volcanism are the result of delays in rift propaga- tion and segmented opening. Our model suggests that segmentation is one of the major factors in the distribution and localization of rift- related extrusive magmatism. We conclude that in addition to mantle temperature and inherited crustal structures (e.g., weaknesses from previous rift episodes), rift propagation delay plays an important role in the distribution of extrusive volcanism at volcanic passive margins by controlling the mantle flow beneath the rift axis.

Koopmann etal 2014 Model Evolution

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Linking rift propagation barriers to excess magmatism at volcanic rifted margins
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