The formation of atolls: new insights from numerical simulations

Several theories have been proposed to explain atoll formation. While karst dissolution during glacial periods and preferential coral reef accretion along raised bank margins during deglaciations and interglacials have been invoked to explain atoll formation, the respective roles of karst dissolution and reef margin construction in atoll formation have not been adequately evaluated by simulations. … Read more…

Nature Communications: Coupled influence of tectonics, climate, and surface processes on landscape evolution in southwestern North America

The Cenozoic landscape evolution in southwestern North America is ascribed to crustal isostasy, dynamic topography, or lithosphere tectonics, but their relative contributions remain controversial. Here we reconstruct landscape history since the late Eocene by investigating the interplay between mantle convection, lithosphere dynamics, climate, and surface pro- cesses using fully coupled four-dimensional numerical models. Our quantified … Read more…

Nature: Post-extinction recovery of the Phanerozoic oceans and biodiversity hotspots

The fossil record of marine invertebrates has long fuelled the debate as to whether or not there are limits to global diversity in the sea. Ecological theory states that, as diversity grows and ecological niches are filled, the strengthening of biological interactions imposes limits on diversity. However, the extent to which biological interactions have constrained … Read more…

Solid Earth: A tectonic-rules-based mantle reference frame since 1 billion years ago – implications for supercontinent cycles and plate–mantle system evolution

Understanding the long-term evolution of Earth’s plate-mantle system is reliant on absolute plate motion models in a mantle reference frame, but such models are both difficult to construct and controversial. We present a tectonic rules-based optimisation approach to construct a plate motion model in a mantle reference frame covering the last billion years and use … Read more…

G-cubed: Slow Geodynamics and Fast Morphotectonics in the Far East Tethys

How can the sluggish, long-wavelength mantle convection be expressed by so many time and space scales of morphotectonic activity? To investigate these relationships, we explore the Java-Banda subduction zone, where geodynamic records cluster. In the far-East Tethys, the exceptionally arcuate Banda subduction zone circumscribes the deepest oceanic basin on Earth, seismotectonic activity slices the upper … Read more…

The efficiency of fractal techniques in geochemical anomaly delineation within BLEG and <180 μm stream sediments in Western Turkey

A new article published recently by Huseyin Yilmaz (Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey), Behnam Sadeghi (EarthByte Group, USYD), and David Cohen (UNSW) in Journal of Geochemical Exploration (JGE): Abstract: In regional exploration for Au mineralization using stream sediment geochemistry, multielement analysis following cyanide leaching of bulk samples or aqua regia digestion of the <180 μm fraction are the two most common … Read more…

The efficiency of fractal techniques in geochemical anomaly delineation within BLEG and <180 μm stream sediments in Western Turkey

A new article published recently by Huseyin Yilmaz (Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey), Behnam Sadeghi (EarthByte Group, USYD), and David Cohen (UNSW) in Journal of Geochemical Exploration (JGE): Abstract: In regional exploration for Au mineralization using stream sediment geochemistry, multielement analysis following cyanide leaching of bulk samples or aqua regia digestion of the <180 μm fraction are the two most common … Read more…

Geochemical anomaly definition using stream sediments landscape modeling

A new research paper published in Ore Geology Reviews based on a collaboration between Dr. Behnam Sadeghi from EarthByte Group, USYD, and several research institutes in China, including: China University of Geosciences: State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources Hebei GEO University: 1) Institute of Resource and Environmental Engineering, 2) Hebei Key Laboratory … Read more…